It’s important to understand the different ways of thinking from scientists and researchers, discuss their perspectives with your own, and not be afraid to speak out.
Making sense of our frames requires being able to identify a phenomenon, evaluate it, identify the possible causes, and finally offer solutions. There are many internal barriers to progress in environmentalism, such as different perspectives to problems, discussions (ex: inclusion of human well-being into sustainability, equity, and diversity conversations), and that there is no easy ‘bridges’ between the different frameworks.
Approaching sustainability frames on today’s Anthropocene requires a ‘Finding Nemo’-like approach. This analogy highlights the need to ‘just keep swimming’ in our challenges, and that in today’s environmental issues, there are no single devices or ways to measure progress, but it is still our collective responsibility to take care of our planet. Planetary stewardship, critical post-humanism, and eco-modernisms are some of the different perspectives for achieving sustainability and a ‘good Anthropocene’.
However, other researchers talk about, protecting endangered species, and professionals having to deal with different approaches, perspectives, diversity (ex: habitats, species, professionals), needs a clearing up of one’s perspectives, values, and interests to sustainably protecting species.
Although different strategies are needed to change, making sense of our behaviours would also need more diverse knowledge from countries that are not only developed countries; having views from Asian, Australian, South American, or even African sustainable frameworks would help enrich this discussion and make it more ‘fair’ as the environment affects everyone.
Another strategy for change is to change human behaviour. Behavioural science can help conservation initiatives by leveraging cognitive biases (ex: decoy effect, incentive-based, and improving motivation and participation), and leveraging social influences (ex: social norms change, public commitments, block leaders).
But although these could change human behaviour, some implementation challenges like ethical challenges (ex: making someone do something against their will; controlling them), and how most of these behavioural interventions are done in developed countries which may not reflect the diverse social, cultural, and economic behavioural settings.
Current human actions and behaviours are degrading the biosphere, with the need for civil society to become more engaged, as well as the need for powerful movements to be more needed than ever before.